When to Replace Wire Rope – Based on Number of Broken Wires
|Number Broken Wires in Running Ropes||Number Broken Wires in Standing Ropes|
|ANSI* Standard||Equipment||In One Rope Lay||In One Strand||In One Rope Lay||At End Connection|
|B30.2||Overhead & Gantry Cranes||12||4||Not Specified||Not Specified|
|B30.4||Portal, Tower & Pillar Cranes||6||3||3||2|
|B30.5||Crawler, Locomotive & Truck Cranes||6||3||3||2|
|B30.7||Base Mounted Drum Hoists||6||3||3||2|
|B30.8||Flotaing Cranes & Derricks||6||3||3||2|
|B30.16||Overhead Hoists||12||4||Not Specified||Not Specified|
|A10.5||Material Hoists||6**||Not Specified||Not Specified||Not Specified|
* American National Standards Institute
** Also remove for 1 valley break.
A wire broken under a tensile load that exceeds its strength by
the “cup and cone” configuration at the fracture point
(a). The necking down of the wire at this point shows
that failure occurred while the wire retained its ductility.
Shear-tensile fracture (b) occurs in wire subjected to a combination
of transverse and axial loads. Fatigue breaks are usually characterized
by squared-off ends perpendicular to the wire either straight
across or Z-shaped (c & d).